Diciembre. 2018
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The Importance of Entrepreneurship in Company

Entrepreneurship is the practice of designing, starting and running a new business, which is often initially a little company. The men and women who create these businesses are known as entrepreneurs.

Entrepreneurship has been described as the "capacity and willingness to develop, arrange and manage a company enterprise alongside any of its risks so as to create a profit". While definitions of entrepreneurship normally revolve around the launching and running of companies, due to the high risks involved in establishing a start-up, a significant percentage of start-up businesses must close because of "lack of financing, poor business decisions, an economic crisis, lack of market demand--or even a mixture of all these.

Entrepreneurship is the action of becoming an entrepreneur, or even "an operator or director of a business enterprise who makes money at risk and initiative". Entrepreneurs act as managers and manage the launch and growth of an enterprise. Entrepreneurship is the process by which an individual or a team defines a business opportunity and acquires and deploys the essential resources needed for its exploitation.

Early 19th century French economist Jean-Baptiste Say provided a broad definition of entrepreneurship, stating that it "shifts economic resources out of an area of lower and into an area of higher productivity and greater yield". Entrepreneurs create something new, something different--they change or transmute values. Regardless of the firm size, big or small, they can partake in entrepreneurship opportunities. The opportunity to become a entrepreneur needs four standards.

First, there needs to be opportunities or situations to recombine resources to create profit. Secondly, entrepreneurship requires differences between people, such as accessibility to specific individuals or the capability to recognize information regarding opportunities. Third, taking on risk is quite necessary. The entrepreneurial process requires the organization of people and resources.

The entrepreneur is a element in microeconomics and also the study of entrepreneurship reaches into the work of Richard Cantillon and Adam Smith in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. But, entrepreneurship was largely ignored theoretically until the late 19th and early 20th centuries and empirically before a profound resurgence in economics and business since the late 1970s. In the 20th century, the understanding of entrepreneurship owes much to the work of economist Joseph Schumpeter from the 1930s along with other Austrian economists such as Carl Menger, Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich von Hayek.

According to Schumpeter, an entrepreneur is someone who's willing and ready to convert a new idea or invention into a successful invention. Entrepreneurship employs what Schumpeter called "the gale of creative destruction" to replace in whole or in part inferior innovations across markets and businesses, simultaneously creating new products such as new business models. In this way, creative destruction is mostly responsible for its dynamism of businesses and long-run economic growth.

The supposition that entrepreneurship leads to economic development is an interpretation of the residual in endogenous growth theory and as such is hotly debated in academic economics. An alternate description posited by Israel Kirzner implies that the majority of innovations could be much more incremental improvements like the replacement of paper with plastic from the creating of drinking straws.

18:32:02 . 10 Mar 2018
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